Home » Blog » Witness


I watched a man die. He wanted someone to be there for him. Someone not on the killing team.

On Sept. 22, 2020, at 9:06 p.m., in the execution chamber of the United States Penitentiary (USP) in Terre Haute, Ind., Mr. William Emmet LeCroy Jr. took his last breath – strapped down, flat on his back, on a slightly tilted cruciform table in a room full of windows. Five of us shared that room. Will, defenseless and completely at the mercy of his executioner, had asked me to pray the Divine Mercy Chaplet with him. He asked me to continue to pray it, out loud, as the executioner began his death-dealing infusion.

Sister Barbara Battista speaking at a July press conference prior to the federal government’s resumption of executions.

And I did. I wonder if the warden, the U.S. Marshal, or the executioner were silently praying these words with me? I know Will was.

I met Will near the end of August. We were introduced by Keith Dwayne Nelson, a man whose life was taken on Aug. 28, inside that very same chamber. The Bureau of Prisons conducts these executions in a highly orchestrated manner. Nothing is left to change. The staff is kind, solicitous even. Many are in PPE. A few have only a good-fitting mask on for protection. My overriding impression of the scene is that of a stark environment, devoid of human emotion, calm, and eerily quiet while an act of extreme violence is being inflicted upon another human being … a person whom Jesus referred to when enjoining us to “love our neighbor as ourselves.”

As of this writing, the federal government has inflicted revenge killing, or executions, on seven persons starting on July 13, 2020. Three more are scheduled before Christmas: Orlando Hall on Nov. 19; Lisa Montgomery on Dec. 8; and Brandon Bernard on Dec. 10.

Sadly, Terre Haute has become the killing fields for the federal government.

Sister Barbara Battista during a visit with Keith Dwayne Nelson.

The Bishops of Indiana, along with numerous other Bishops, have spoken out against the death penalty. So have religious communities across the country, including my own, the Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, Indiana. My faith and the teachings of our Church compel me to say “No!” to the death penalty and to work to abolish it.

In 2017, Pope Francis, approved the following revision to paragraph 2267 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church: “… the Church teaches, in the light of the Gospel, that the death penalty is inadmissible because it is an attack on the inviolability and dignity of the person and she works with determination for its abolition worldwide.” We are called to respect the human dignity of all persons. Those on death row are no exception.

A year ago, we formed the Terre Haute Death Penalty Resistance to collaborate in working to abolish the death penalty and bear witness to federal executions. We have members from Catholic Mobilizing Network; Indiana Catholic Conference; Indiana Abolition Coalition; The Sisters of Providence; Oldenburg Franciscans; Interfaith Council of the Wabash Valley; Amnesty International; students from across Indiana; and various other individuals dedicated to abolishing the death penalty. We gather in protest and vigil at the main entrance to the USP Terre Haute.

Will mailed his last words to me which, as Providence would have it, came the day after he was executed. At a press conference the morning of Sept. 24, when Christopher Vialva would be executed later that day, I spoke Williams’ last words.

He quoted from his spiritual guides – Thomas Merton, Pema Chodron and others. From Kahil Gibran, in The Prophet, Will identified an essential truth: “But I say that even as the Holy and the righteous cannot rise beyond the highest which is in each of you, so the wicked and the weak cannot fall lower than the lowest which is in you also.”

I believe Will LeCroy can teach us an essential truth: Who among us deserves to be labeled, judged, discarded even, according to the worst thing we ever did? Rather, are we not called to honor human dignity and extend God’s loving design to all creation? To all persons?

Surely just as we know that God loves us always and is never far from us, so are we called to love one another always, no matter what. October is Respect Life month; I urge you to join me in working to abolish the death penalty. Let us move towards Advent with a renewed commitment to truly be brother or sister to all members of the human community.

Share this:

Sister Barbara Battista

Sister Barbara Battista

Sister Barbara Battista is a native of Indianapolis who currently ministers as the Congregation's Justice Promoter. She credits her social justice activism to her mother Alice's strong example. Raised in a large and extended Italian family household, Sister Barbara comes by community organizing quite naturally. She is a passionate and energetic advocate for full equity and equality for women and girls in church and society.

Plan for your future!

Leave the things you value to the people and purposes you value most.

Updated Estate Planning Info. here

Farm Internships!

Are you interested in interning at White Violet Center?

Learn more here


  1. Avatar Jeanne Kenny, S.P. on October 30, 2020 at 7:33 am

    Thank you Barb for your life-giving words and deeds on behalf of the imprisoned. ..living out this important corporal work of mercy daily.

  2. Avatar Karen Burkhart on October 30, 2020 at 10:22 am

    God bless you for your witness and your loving hand held out to those on death row. What a loving example you are showing to our neighbors in prison.

    Peace and all good things,

  3. Avatar Jeannie Smith, PA on October 30, 2020 at 12:20 pm

    thank you, Barb, for this ministry and the faith filled love you have shared with these prisoners. You are light for them, and for us. Bless you!

  4. Avatar Linda McMahon, PA on October 30, 2020 at 12:43 pm

    Thank you for living and showing us how to live the Gospel of radical love.

  5. Avatar Jenny Nowalk, PA on November 1, 2020 at 12:04 pm

    Thank you Sister Barbara for challenging us to hear Christ’s massage, which always challenges us to go one step deeper into loving our brothers and sisters.

  6. Avatar Joan Middendorf on January 18, 2021 at 1:12 am

    Hearing of your experience with two prisoners being executed was chilling. You explained the superficial efficiency of the BOP to give a veneer of respectability, while an executioner kills a man right in front of you. You told us that went against everything you had even been taught. (Speaking at a service at the Unitarian Universalist Church of Bloomington with two other witnesses, Yusef Nur and BIll Breeden. )

    Thanks for your witness,

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.